From Bicycle to 300 satellites from 33 nations: Major mile stones of ISRO


The Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) was established in 1962 under the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE).

After a year INCOSPAR was formed, in 1963, Indian launched its first rocket into space at that time they were transporting the parts to be assembled by bicycle, First sounding rocket, meant for probing the upper atmosphere  launched from the Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station in the fishing village of Thumba, Kerala, now known as the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre.

Fist rocket of isro
Transporting the parts to be assembled by bicycle

First satellite launch

Aryabhata spacecraft
Aryabhata spacecraft – First satellite launch by ISRO

India’s first satellite ever launched was named as Aryabhata spacecraft. Though it was completely designed and fabricated in India, it was launched onboard the Soviet Kosmos-3M rocket on April 19, 1975.

First Indian-made rocket launch by ISRO

Satilate Launch Vehicle

Our first experimental satellite launch vehicle, a solid four-stage rocket weighing 17 tonnes, and capable of placing 40 kg class payloads in Low-Earth Orbit was launched on July 18, 1980, from the Sriharikota Range, with the Rohini satellite RS-1 on board.

ISRO shifting satellites to launch pad on bullock cart
ISRO shifting satellites to launch pad on the bullock cart

First Indian citizen in space

Indian astronaut Rakesh Sharma

Indian astronaut Rakesh Sharma was part of a joint manned mission between India and the Soviet Union, in 1984, he spent eight days onboard the Russian space station Salyut 7, making him the only Indian national to date to ever go to space.

Juggling satellites

In 1999, the PSLV launched for orbit with three different satellites on board, one Indian, one German, one Korean.  It was the first time ever launched more than one satellite at a time.




Chandrayaan-1 was the first Indian lunar probe launched by the Indian Space Research Organisation in October 2008 and operated until August 2009.



Mission Chandrayaan-2  is the second lunar exploration mission developed by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) main scientific objective is to map and study the variations in lunar surface composition, as well as the location and abundance of lunar water.

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